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Clicical Immunology

What is Clicical Immunology?

Clinical immunology is a branch of medicine that focuses on the study of the immune system, including the diagnosis and treatment of diseases related to it. The immune system is responsible for protecting the body against infections, tumors, and other harmful agents, and clinical immunologists work to understand the mechanisms by which the immune system functions, as well as the diseases that can arise when the immune system is not functioning properly.


The symptoms of immune-related diseases can vary widely depending on the specific condition, and a clinical immunologist would be trained to recognize the symptoms and develop an appropriate diagnosis and treatment plan.

  • The symptoms of immune-related diseases can vary widely depending on the specific condition and the individual affected.
  • Some common symptoms of immune-related diseases include fatigue, fever, joint pain, skin rashes, difficulty breathing, recurrent infections, and digestive problems.
  • Inflammation and redness. The affected joint or joints become swollen, tender, warm and red.
  • Early diagnosis and treatment are important for managing immune-related diseases and preventing long-term complications.


Immune-related diseases can have a variety of causes, including genetic, environmental, and lifestyle factors. Here are some examples of potential causes of immune-related diseases:
Genetic factors: Certain immune-related diseases may be inherited or caused by genetic mutations that affect the immune system. For example, primary immunodeficiency disorders are often caused by genetic defects that impair the function of immune cells or proteins.
Environmental factors: Exposure to certain environmental triggers, such as toxins, pollutants, or infectious agents, can also contribute to immune-related diseases. For instance, exposure to certain viruses or bacteria may trigger autoimmune responses that lead to the development of autoimmune diseases.

DR Shruti Bajad

MBBS, MD (Internal Medicine)
Consultant Rheumatologist